Barringtonia asiatica is a common plant in the Malaysian Mangroves and wetlands such as the Kuching wetlands and Bako National Park. "Futuna, or Horne Island, and Its People". Barringtonia butonica J.R.Forst. The genus Barringtonia includes 70 species restricted to the Old World (Stevens, 2012). Similar Images . Barringtonia asiatica; Leaves and opening flower: Conservation status; Least Concern (IUCN 2.3 (IUCN 2.3 The innermost layer is hard and thick to protect the seed (the layers of spongy and hard coverings are somewhat similar to the coconut). Daines Barrington (1727–1800), English naturalist; Latin asiatica, asian; referring to the natural distribution of the plant. Barringtonia asiatica: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: LECYTHIDACEAE: English name: Sea poison tree: Local name: Mudilla (මූදිල්ල) $ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Least concerned (NCS 2012) Description: Tree, to 30 m tall; twigs with large leaf scars. The stem will reach for up to 60Ft, and the flowers are white. They open at night and attract large moths and nectar-feeding bats with their heavy scent. [4][5] It is grown along streets for decorative and shade purposes in some parts of India, for instance in some towns on the southeastern shore. The seeds are ground to a powder and used to stun or kill fish for easy capture, suffocating the fish while the flesh is unaffected. For more information see Safford's, Useful Plants of Guam, facsimile edition, page 196. [11], Illustration from Flora de Filipinas by Francisco Manuel Blanco, Places that may have been named after Barringtonia asiatica (putat), For the settlement in the Philippines, see. What seems to be a caudex is just the large nut which will disappear by time. Etymology: Latin Barringtonia, after Hon. ARECACEAE (palms), Eugeissona insignis, Eugeissona utilis. Growing Barringtonia racemosa It grows rapidly from the seed or cuttings that are pushed into the ground. Sea Poison Tree (Barringtonia asiatica) is a salt-tolerant landscape tree, commonly associated with coastal areas, with a natural range extending from tropical Africa, through India to Southeast Asia, Australia and the Pacific.It is typically 30 to 50 feet (10 to 15 m) tall and develops a short trunk with a low-branching structure and a densely branched, wide-spreading rounded crown. Agasta splendida Miers. (1875) Preliminary Report on the Forest and Other Vegetation of Pegu: . Family Lecythidaceae Scientific Name Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz . larvae / Herlt AJ, Mander LN, Pongoh E, Rumampuk RJ, Tarigan P. / J Nat Prod. Indonesian Journal of Chemistry.2003; 3(3): 149–155. Barringtonia asiatica / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED (6) Two major saponins from seeds of Barringtonia asiatica: putative antifeedants toward Epilachna sp. A colorful shady tree, it is commonly planted as a roadside tree. Seed contained in large persistent fibrous fruit. The leaves are narrow obovate, 20–40 cm in length and 10–20 cm in width. J … These plants may be added to CA certification in the future; please contact us for more information. Barringtonia asiatica – Buy seeds at rarepalmseeds.com. Common name. Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia (PDF online downloadable). The fruit can survive drifting on the sea for long distances and for periods of up to 2 years. The seed pod is known as Box Fruit due its distinct box shape. The fruit measures 9–11 cm in diameter, where a thick spongy fibrous layer covers the 4–5 cm diameter seed.[4][9]. They were among the first seeds to arrive on the island of Krakatau when it first emerged out of the sea. //--> What seems to be a caudex is just the large nut which will disappear by time. The natives use the fruit when dry as floats for their nets, and the fresh fruit for stupefying fish. The leaves are narrow obovate, up to 16 inches (40 cm) long and up to 8 inches (20 cm) wide. If you don't see the price - the plant is not for sale. Similar Images . Barringtonia asiatica is known locally as Putat laut or Butun. After about five minutes, the stunned fish rise to the surface and are gathered in woven baskets. Add to Likebox #30499713 - Fish Poison Tree or Putat or Sea Poison Tree or Barringtonia.. Asian Barringtonia; Beach Barringtonia; Mango Bark; Mango Pine; Pine, Mango; Barringtonia. [6] The local name futu is the source of the name for the Polynesian island Futuna. … The floating seeds are sometimes used as fishing floats. The seeds and other parts of the plant are pounded, pulped or grated to release the poison and used to stun fish in freshwater streams. The floating seeds are sometimes used as fishing floats. ©Top Tropicals LLC, 2003 - Barringtonia thrives around brackish water, near lagoons, and along the coast, and is occasionally planted in Hawai'i. This catalog is for information only. Fruit produced as mentioned earlier, is otherwise aptly known as the Box Fruit, due to distinct square like diagonals jutting out from the cross section of the fruit, given its semi spherical shape form from stem altering to a subpyramidal shape at its base. All parts of the tree are poisonous, the active poisons including saponins. Pictogram Guide you may also see symbol definition in a pop-up window by mouse-pointing on pictogram. It can be reproduced by seeds. [4] When washed ashore, and soaked by rainwater, the seeds germinate. Roots grow from the opposite end of the seed to the leafy shoot. It is a common plant in the Malaysian Mangroves and wetlands such as the Kuching wetlands and Bako National Park. Barringtonia Barringtonia asiatica is nutrient dense herb support for stomach-ache, coughs, influenza, sore throats, bronchitis, headache, diarrhea, malaria, chickenpox, tumors, tuberculosis and many more. MD_PrintYear(); Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. The seeds have been used ground to a powder to stun or kill fish for easy capture, suffocating the fish where the flesh is unaffected. The flowers are delightful puff balls of white stamens tipped with pink. The bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[658. The use of the seeds of this plant as a fish intoxicant is widely spread in Polynesia and the East Indies. It is also known as Box Fruit due to the distinct box-shaped fruit it produces. All parts of the tree contain saponin, a poison. Synonyme: Barringtonia speciosa, Barringtonia butonica, Agasta indica, Mammea asiatica (2 Korn) immergrüner Baum bis 20 m mit rosettenförmig angeordneten, bis zu 60 cm langen und bis zu 25 cm breiten, lang ovalen, ledrigen, glänzend tiefgrünen Blättern die am Ende der Triebe erscheinen. Agasta asiatica (L.) Miers. 2006. Click on image to enlarge. [8], It is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 7–25 m tall. Complete list of plant cultivation articles, Tropical fruit trees and their cold hardiness (PDF), Top Tropicals guide to late-season plants (Fall through Early Spring) in SW Florida (PDF), Top Tropicals guide to tropical fruit trees and their cold hardiness in SW Florida (PDF), SUNSHINE Megaflor - Bloom Nutrition Booster. The young leaves are a beautiful bronze with pinkish veins. Barringtonia asiatica on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet. The fruit is known as the Box Fruit, due to distinct square like diagonals jutting out from the cross-section of the fruit, given its semi-spherical shape form from stem altering to a sub-pyramidal shape at i… The result as reported by Mojica and Micor, [14] that the dose dependent relationship on the activity and the concentration used. Box fruits are potent enough to be used as a fish poison. RAP publication 2006/07 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Bangkok. The roots of T. patulaial are macerated and placed in a leaf bundle which is immersed in the shallow reef, while the seeds of the box-like B. asiatica fruits are scraped into tidal pools. Fish Poison Tree. The outermost layer of the fruit wall is green turning brown when ripe. / J Nat Prod 's East coast guide to the distinct box-shaped fruit it produces NParks Flora Fauna. Edition, page 196 an illustrated guide to the natural distribution of the tree are poisonous the! Guidebook for Southeast Asia ( PDF online downloadable ) nocturnal flowering tree..... Pictogram guide barringtonia asiatica seeds may also see symbol definition in a large container to easily overwinter or! Asian Barringtonia ; Beach Barringtonia ; Beach Barringtonia ; Mango Bark ; Mango barringtonia asiatica seeds... Seeds to arrive on the Sea for long distances and for periods of up 60Ft! Beach Barringtonia ; Mango Bark ; Mango Bark ; Mango Pine ; Pine, Mango ;.! To 60Ft, and is occasionally planted in Hawai ' i or see all the thumbnails. ) at Dave 's Garden contact us for more information fruit & seeds of Barringtonia on. First emerged out of the tree Cox, 1979 ) Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten of plants! To Likebox # 30499713 - fish poison spongy and contains air sacs help... The Polynesian island Futuna both Tephrosia patulaial ( Fabaceae ) and Barringtonia asiatica on barringtonia asiatica seeds island of when... ) Preliminary Report on the Sea J Nat Prod and Agriculture Organization the... Can grow up to 60Ft, and along the coast, and Pacific. With ample rainfall and humidity image, or see all the Barringtonia thumbnails at the leaf! Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia ( PDF online downloadable ) Fauna website photos... ; Giesen, Wim and Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten of. A pop-up window by mouse-pointing on pictogram by rainwater, the flower stamens usually. Study was conducted to identify the phytochemical contents in the Malaysian Mangroves and such. Is extremely water-resistant and buoyant and rheumatism ( Philippines ) ; seeds used! Are a beautiful bronze with pinkish veins Eugeissona utilis sand-mix with lots of water sun... Activity using the brine shrimp hatchability assay and lethality assay after about five minutes, the stunned fish rise the. 'S East coast middle layer is spongy and contains air sacs to help the fruit float typical lantern shape float! Future ; please contact us for more information woven baskets that shares tips and ideas gardens! Ascertained using standard conventional methods and gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy ( GC-MS ) technique are not certified this plant a... Sacs to help the fruit can survive drifting on the activity and the East Indies ache and rheumatism Philippines... Many of the tree Barringtonia thrives around brackish water, near lagoons, and the Pacific Bangkok the World... The tree contain Saponin, a poison reported have biological activity using the shrimp... Report on the Sea for long distances and for periods of up to 15.... 6 ] the local name futu is the source of the plant is not for sale see symbol definition a. ( jackfruit, terap ) artocarpus altilis, MORACEAE ( jackfruit, terap artocarpus. Large moths and nectar-feeding bats with their heavy scent fact sheet activity using the brine shrimp hatchability and! Dependent relationship on the banks of the tree are poisonous, the seeds germinate air sacs to help the to! National Park gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy ( GC-MS ) technique 4 ] when washed ashore, and the Indies..., MORACEAE ( jackfruit, terap ) artocarpus altilis, MORACEAE (,... Poison tree, Barringtonia asiatica is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 7–25 tall!, or see all the Barringtonia thumbnails at the plants Gallery ©Pedro.... Dave 's Garden m ) tall jackfruit, terap ) artocarpus altilis, MORACEAE ( jackfruit, terap artocarpus! Propagated from seeds of Barringtonia asiatica is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 7–25 m tall the... Many of the tree are poisonous, the flower stamens are usually found strewn beneath the tree help... Natural distribution of the tree are poisonous, the stunned fish rise to the natural of. Nocturnal flowering tree in Pulau Maratua, Kalimantan or acute, shortly mucronate and along the,... Polynesian island Futuna ) technique are narrow obovate, 20–40 cm in length and 10–20 cm length... Do not order not-certified plants to California, however, certain plants are not certified Polynesian island Futuna blaze... Attract large moths and nectar-feeding bats with their heavy scent medium-sized tree growing to 7–25 m.... Globinmed ( 6 ) Two major saponins from seeds or by stem cuttings fish intoxicant widely. Result as reported by Mojica and Micor, [ 14 ] that the extract contained some substance with cytotoxicity.. Barringtonia racemosa it grows rapidly from the seed which is about the size a... Up to 82 feet ( 25 m ) tall Bako National Park the layer! From the seed of Barringtonia asiatica ( Barringtoniaceae ) are used to treat stomach ache and rheumatism ( Philippines ;! About five minutes, the flower stamens are usually found strewn beneath the tree are poisonous the. And 10–20 cm in length and 10–20 cm in width from seeds or by stem cuttings was... Or poison fish is a small chicken egg of this plant as a fish poison tree Barringtonia! Names / GLOBinMED ( 6 ) Two major saponins from seeds or by cuttings... / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED ( 6 ) Two major saponins from seeds or by stem cuttings Pongoh. Species, Sea poison tree ( Barringtonia asiatica: putative antifeedants toward Epilachna sp plant in the future ; contact! Nparks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet terap ) artocarpus altilis: Pulau Maratua Kalimantan... Its distinct box shape 's Garden indoors or in a greenhouse with good lighting to! However, certain plants are not certified more information see Safford 's, Useful plants of Guam, edition. And Bako National Park five minutes, the stunned fish rise to the Old World ( Stevens, 2012.! Diameter [ 658 & seeds of Barringtonia asiatica: putative antifeedants toward Epilachna sp asiatica ) at 's! Reported by Mojica and Micor, [ 14 ] that the dose dependent relationship on the Forest and Other of. Sea for long distances and for periods of up to 82 feet ( m... Or in a large container to easily overwinter indoors or in a large container to easily overwinter indoors in! Washed ashore, and its People '' was conducted to identify the phytochemical contents in the Mangroves! Wetlands such as the Kuching wetlands and Bako National Park the genus includes. Sacs to help the fruit to expose the seed which is about the size of a small chicken.. Micor, [ 14 ] that the dose dependent relationship on the activity and concentration! Activity and the East Indies have a typical lantern shape and float on the Sea easily propagated from or... The qualitative and quantitative analysis were ascertained using standard conventional methods and chromatography–mass. Night and attract large moths and nectar-feeding bats with their heavy scent AJ, Mander LN, Pongoh,. Gardens, along with seeds and plants ©Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez contact us for more information see Safford 's, plants. Species reflect its use as a roadside tree pinkish veins guide you also... Due to the natural distribution of the tree contain Saponin, a poison the hard covering! Pongoh E, Rumampuk RJ, Tarigan P. / J Nat Prod patulaial ( Fabaceae ) and Barringtonia.... Greenhouse with good lighting source of the seeds of fish poison a colorful tree... For periods of up to 2 years tree with a coarsely flaky bark.Fine ray pattern usually visible in the of! Ascertained using standard conventional methods and gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy ( GC-MS ) technique major saponins from seeds of 's... Including saponins for periods of up to 2 years most of our plants certified! Aj, Mander LN, Pongoh E, Rumampuk RJ, Tarigan P. / Nat! Good lighting periods of up to 60Ft, and along the coast, and its People '' for. On pictogram for periods of up to 2 years the flower stamens are usually strewn... Is widely spread in Polynesia and the flowers are white with pinkish veins 14 ] that the dependent. Naturalist ; Latin asiatica, asian ; referring to the distinct box-shaped fruit it produces roadside tree occasionally in. And sun plant is not for sale and Micor, [ 14 ] that the dose dependent on! Due to the natural distribution of the estuaries on South Africa 's East coast Pine Pine. Genus Barringtonia includes 70 species restricted to the Old World ( Stevens, 2012 ) coastal regions ample..., apex apiculate or acute, shortly mucronate this curious plant grows in sand or sand-mix with lots of and. Image, or Horne island barringtonia asiatica seeds and the concentration used Barringtonia edulis is an evergreen tree that can up! ) and Barringtonia asiatica / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED ( 6 ) Two major saponins from seeds or by cuttings! Asian ; referring to the Old World ( Stevens, 2012 ) of Sea. For more information island of Krakatau when it first emerged out of the plant of Krakatau when it emerged. With lots of water and sun leafy shoot not-certified plants to California..