I hope you enjoyed this article. Finally, on 14 February 44 BC he was appointed Dictator for life. Caesar was governor of first Cisalpine Gaul, or Gaul on “our” side of the Alps, and soon after of Transalpine Gaul, the Roman’s Gallic territory just over the Alps. Gaius undermined the Senate, declaring that anybody could serve as a senator, even his horse (although it is believed he never went ahead with this appointment). This honour was to be granted to many Roman Emperors, who could be proclaimed gods on their death and did what they could to link themselves to their great predecessors in life. … When he finally returned to Rome, he appointed himself dictator for life in 44 BC, but we all know how that ended. His father’s family belongs to the aristocratic gens of the Julii. time and place written 1599, in London. Caesar banned driving carriages on city streets during the first ten hours of daylight. Julius Caesar (100 B.C.E.-44 B.C.E.) Read more. C and had 365 days a year. According to Ancient Roman sources, Caesar was quite a handsome man. date of first publication Published in the First Folio of 1623, probably from the theater company’s official promptbook rather than from Shakespeare’s manuscript. While investigating facts about Julius Caesar Summary and Julius Caesar Sparknotes, I found out little known, but curios details like:. genre Tragedy. Alimony Was His Thing. On his release he raised a fleet, captured them and did have them crucified, mercifully ordering their throats cut first. His own chosen successor, Octavian, his great nephew, was to become Augustus, the first Roman Emperor. full title The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. Short about Julius Caesar was a Roman general, statesman, Consul and notable author … Why Was the Battle of Edgehill Such an Important Event in the Civil War. Only new Senate laws on gladiator numbers limited the display to 320 pairs of fighters. His enemies later mocked him with the title ‘the Queen of Bithynia’. MORE IN PEOPLE/CELEBRITIES. Caesar was killed as a result of a conspiracy in which his adopted son Marc Junius Brut participated. Julius Caesar Facts. Land reforms would reduce the power of the corrupt aristocracy. Caesar implemented the Julian calendar after consultations with an astronomer. Learning about Caesar is a core part of children's history lessons because he was an extremely influential and important figure within history. Despite considering himself divine and immortal, Caligula met his end when he was assassinated by Cassius Chaerea, a member of the Praetor… Following are certain important facts about Julius Caesar: Julius Caesar was the sone of Gaius Caesar and Aurelia. At sixteen he was the head of his family, and soon came under threat as Lucius Cornelius Sulla became Roman dictator. Read more. krisgreg30 Maths Homework Booklet £ 1.70 15% off (0) Sale. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈ s iː z ər / SEE-zər, Latin: [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.. Though his name has come to mean monarch or ruler, Julius Caesar was never an Emperor of Rome. How Effective Were Nazi Sabotage and Espionage Missions in Britain? Caesar’s family claimed to be descended from the gods. He joked with them that he would have them executed once he was free. This article makes a collection of the top ten interesting facts about Julius Caesar. Name: Julius Caesar; Profession: Roman General and Statesman; Born: July 12th, 100 BCE in Rome, Italia, Roman Republic; Died: March 15th, 44 BCE in Rome, Italia, Roman Empire; Resting Place: Temple of Caesar in Rome, Italy; Legacy: Transformed Rome from a Republic to an Empire; 24 Julius Caesar Facts for Kids . Caesar built two lines of forts around the Gallic stronghold and defeated two larger armies. Categories & Ages. Julius Caesar Had One Son with Cleopatra. The actual birthname of Julius Caesar was Gaius Julius Caesar. Germanic tribes were pushing them out of their home territory and their path to new lands in the West lay across Roman territory. Examine a marble portrait of Julius Caesar; it's said to be a very good likeness Still, much of his childhood remains a mystery. Julius Caesar had a child with Cleopatra Here, more than sixty conspirators who had feared that Caesar would overthrow the Senate and become king participated in the assassination. Interesting Facts About Julius Caesar 1. Julius-Caesar-Fact-File. 29 Interesting Facts About Julius Caesar 1. The word fascist is derived from fasces, symbolic Roman bunches of sticks – together we are stronger. Murders and violence were the order of the day, and the republican government seemed to have been closer to anarchy than ever before. The Senators were quite sly to have so many people involved in the killing; this prevented any individual person from taking the blame. Happy travels! When Julius Caesar had Cato the Younger removed from the Senate for going against him, many other senators left as... 2. author William Shakespeare. However, they did have one son together, who they named Ptolemy Caesar. His name has been a title, an insult, countless movies have been made about his life as well as books, TV shows, and even the month of July is named after him. 1. Caesar was a superb politician and brave General who became one of the truly great Emperors. Recorded British history is reckoned to start with the successful Roman takeover in 43 AD, something Caesar set the grounds for. Sale. 15 Interesting Facts About Julius Caesar. While it was never fully proven, many people then and now believed that Julius Caesar was a father to, who many people called, little Caesar. He is not, as some believe, the first Roman Emperor. Julius Caesar was Kidnaped by Pirates and demanded they ask for a higher ransom. 10 Caesar’s Pedigreed Family. Beautiful Paris by night: Discover Paris’ most iconic view at night, Things to do in Paris on Christmas Day (2019). He finally defeated them in the Battle of Bibracte in 50 BC, returning them to their homeland. A powerful politician, army general, and emperor, Julius Caesar helped transform Rome into one of the most powerful empires in history. He was a consul, and after seizing power, he appointed himself a lifelong dictator. He offered jobs to the poor to work in Rome’s overseas colonies and even granted citizenship to foreigners living in the Republic. 9 Fascinating Facts About Julius Caesar, 'Dictator for Perpetuity' by Dave Roos Nov 13, 2019. Four-hundred lions were killed, navies fought each other in miniature battles and two armies of 2,000 captured prisoners each fought to the death. Julius Caesar Had One Son with Cleopatra. Julius Caesar was a famous Roman statesman who was at the forefront of the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. Preview and details Files included (1) pdf, 1 MB. Interesting Julius Caesar Facts: It is believed that Julius Caesar was born about three days before the Ides of July, in 100 BC. Watch a BBC Bitesize video about why Caesar came to Britain. But, there are a few facts that haven’t been disclosed till date in any history book. His statue was placed among those of the former kings of Rome, he was an almost divine figure with his own cult and high priest in the shape of Mark Anthony. Regular rebellions became particularly troublesome when the Arverni chieftain united the Gallic tribes and turned to guerrilla tactics. It traced its ancestry to the first king of Rome, Romulus One patrician division of the Julian gens was named Caesar. The calendar was in effect in 45 B. 14) Julius Caesar Was Almost a Priest History is shaped by men and women who live extraordinary lives, and help shape the way of the world. https://pixabay.com/photos/january-calendar-month-year-day-2290045/. Top 10 facts about… Julius Caesar TODAY is the Ides of March, the date in the old Roman calendar when Julius Caesar was murdered in 44BC. Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar is one of the most renowned names from ancient Rome. By stabilising the territories under imperial control and giving rights to new Romans he set the conditions for later expansion that would make Rome one of history’s great empires. In 60 BC Julius Caesar along with his colleagues formed the First Triumvirate, a political alliance that dominated Roman politics for several years. Caesar’s successful election to the consulship was one of the dirtiest Rome had seen and Crassus must have paid Caesar’s bribes. Collectors today are willing to pay thousands of dollars for one of these relics! Ariovistus returned to Germany for good. Much of Caesar’s life is known from his military campaigns as he is considered by many historians to be one of the greatest military commanders in history. Becoming deified meant that the Senate voted to decide that he should be considered divine and ascend to a god-like level. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈsiːzər / SEE-zər, Latin : [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. Children's books about Julius Caesar Find out more. The conservatives resisted change, seeing the downfall of the Republic in every nuance of reform. As a result of his debt Caesar turned to the richest man in Rome (and possibly in history by some accounts), Marcus Licinius Crassus. 3. Noble does not mean rich, however. 4. He’s also known as an author of Latin prose. This was a decision Caesar made after his term as the governor of Gaul had expired. In 55 BC he crossed the Rhine into Germany and made his first expedition to Britannia. In 48 B.C Julius Caesar travelled to Egypt on a mission to track down one of... 2. Caesar proposed new laws that redistributed lands to the poor and limited the amount of money that one single person could have on them at one time. Julius Caesar (100—44 BCE) changed Rome forever. Whether you want to learn the history of a city, or you simply need a recommendation for your next meal, Discover Walks Team offers an ever-growing travel encyclopaedia. Julius Caesar Facts Very little is known of Caesar’s childhood. https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/caesar_julius.shtml When he feared to succumb to anger, Caesar read the Latin alphabet from memory before he began to speak. Julius Caesar facts for kids from the Kiddle encyclopaedia. This series of events sparked the Liberators’ Civil War in which Marc Antony, Octavian, and the angry Roman people fought versus the conspirators of Caesar’s murder. Nelson Mandela. It was intended to be in sync with the solar cycle; however, because the actual solar year is 365 ¼ days long, Caesar also added an extra day, called a leap day, every four years to make up the difference. The most warlike of the Belgian tribes, the Nervii, nearly defeated Caesar’s armies. The leap year Marlon Brando (center) played Mark Antony and Greer Garson (right) played Caesar's wife Calpurnia. Why Does the Battle of Thermopylae Matter 2,500 Years On? Julius Caesar is a name many of us are familiar with. PUBLISHED: 15:41, Tue, Mar … It was solar rather than lunar, and the Julian Calendar was used in Europe and European colonies until the Gregorian Calendar reformed it in 1582. Deya Nedeva March 28, 2017 Ancient Rome, Blog, Julius Caesar. The Roman Senate commanded that Caesar disband his army and return to Rome. type of work Play. Examine a marble portrait of Julius Caesar; it's said to be a very good likeness To the Romans Caesar was undoubtedly a figure of great importance. However, do we know anything else besides the fact that he met his end on the Ides of March? In 47 B.C., she gave birth to a boy named Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar. When rioting broke out in protest at the extravagance and waste Caesar had two rioters sacrificed. The whole point of Caesar’s assassination was to prevent anyone man taking sole leadership and power as Caesar had. Julius Caesar has been a topic of study in school syllabuses and we all have come across numerous facts about him. To support our blog and writers we put affiliate links and advertising on our page. In his will, he left his villa, gardens, and an art gallery open to the general public. His name may have come from an ancestor being born by caesarean section. 2. Caesarism is a recognised form of government behind a powerful, usually military leader – Napoleon was arguably a Caesarist and Benjamin Disraeli was accused of it. His father’s family belongs to the aristocratic gens of the Julii. He told his captors the ransom they had demanded was not high enough and promised to crucify them when he was free, which they thought a joke. Much about Caesar’s life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns and some other sources including the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust. Born in 100 B.C., Julius Caesar was fast-tracked into the Roman political scene by his strong family ties. Rome was already expanding into Gaul by the time Caesar went north. Julius Caesar was born in Rome on 12 or 13 July 100 BC into the prestigious Julian clan. A Roman 10. 4. Upon Caesar’s death, a comet flashed in the sky, this made many Romans believe it was a symbol of Caesar’s divine ascension to heaven. https://www.britannica.com/biography/William-Shakespeare/Julius-Caesar His father passed when he was 16 years old but he was very close to his mother. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'historyhit_com-box-4','ezslot_14',160,'0','0'])); Aurelia Cotta’s father, Lucius Aurelius Cotta, was Consul (the top job in the Roman Republic) like his father before him. The fact that he wrote so well about his own life, particularly in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico, a history of the Gallic Wars, has meant that his story was easily passed on in his own words. Julius Caesar was born in July 100 BC and named Gaius Julius Caesar. We may all come from different walks of life but we have one common passion - learning through travel. https://pixabay.com/photos/pen-history-ink-antique-retro-1035081/. Julius Caesar was born on July 12th, 100 BCE in Rome, Italia, Roman Republic. He particularly liked prosecuting corrupt government officials.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historyhit_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_28',164,'0','0'])); He was elected a military tribune and then quaestor – a travelling auditor –  in 69 BC. Needing to earn money, Caesar turned to the courts. Know more about the family, life, political career and assassination of Julius Caesar through these 10 interesting facts. He would write about his military conquests, speeches and even dabbled in poetry. Picture Post/Hulton Archive/Getty Images . Caesar’s new constitutional reforms and ruthless military campaigns against opponents were designed to turn the growing Empire into a single, strong, centrally-governed entity. 3. What Animals Have Been Taken into the Ranks of the Household Cavalry? Loading... Save for later. genre Tragedy. Trade and political links made allies of some of Gaul’s tribes. This article makes a collection of the top ten interesting facts about Julius Caesar. Fact 10 Julius Caesar engineered a three-way division of power with enemies Crassus and Pompey that was known as the Triumvirate. Caesar constructed a new harbour, canal, Senate house, and the Forum Julium, which you can still walk through today! Crassus helped him out and they were soon to be allies.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historyhit_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_22',147,'0','0'])); Caesar knew that popularity could be bought. https://pixabay.com/vectors/julius-caesar-assassination-painting-4877717/. Interesting Julius Caesar Facts: It is believed that Julius Caesar was born about three days before the Ides of July, in 100 BC. Julius Caesar's ancestry could be traced to the first king of Rome. About this resource. In order to stay away from the new ruler Sulla and his possible revenge, Caesar joined the army. Most of the facts we know about Julius Caesar, Ancient Rome’s most famous figure, revolve around his later life — his battles, rise to power, brief dictatorship and death. Born Gaius Julius Caesar to an aristocratic Roman family, the young boy didn’t want for anything growing up. #1 He was not born by caesarean section Born on 13th July 100 BC, Gaius Julius Caesar was the youngest child of Gaius Julius Caesar and his wife Aurelia Cotta. A brief biography of Caesar. He was ordered to disband his armies and return home in 50 BC by conservative opponents led by Pompey, another great general and once Caesar’s ally in the Trumvirate. His appointment as dictator when Rome was not in crisis by the Senate set a precedent for Caesar’s career. Julius Caesar was kidnapped by pirates, who demanded 20 talents of silver for his freedom, however, Caesar told them... 3. He was disappointed to note that he was now the same age as Alexander had been when he was master of the known world. William Smith. Free. Julius-Caesar-Fact-File. Caesar’s civil war was not to end until 45 BC. Over the course of the Roman empire, there were many Emperors that we remember. Top 10 facts about… Julius Caesar TODAY is the Ides of March, the date in the old Roman calendar when Julius Caesar was murdered in 44BC. The provinces were out of control and corruption was rife. Louis Calhern (left) portayed Julius Caesar in the 1953 film of the same name. The Roman Republic had been built on the principle of denying outright power to one man; there were to be no more kings. His journey from his native Troy to Italy is told in the Aeneid by Virgil, one of the great works of Roman literature.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'historyhit_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_12',143,'0','0'])); He was governor of the province of Asia and his sister was married to Gaius Marius, a giant of Roman politics. There he met Cleopatra who was entangled in a civil war with her co-ruler and younger brother Ptolemy XIII. His first wife was called Cornelia. He advocated for his people; he made many strides to reduce debt, unemployment and improved the Roman people’s living standards. Even today, the name Caesar is used to mean "leader' in many languages. A brief biography of Caesar. Caesar grew up in a modest family. Caesar was once kidnapped by pirates while still a young man. This personal cult made the power of institutions like the Senate much less important – if a man could win public popularity and demand the loyalty of the military he could become Emperor. Historians report him saying ‘let the die be cast.’ His decisive move with just one legion behind him has given us the term for crossing a point of no return. Thus Julius Caesar's murder was incorrectly hailed by them as the only way back to the old values. History Hit brings you the stories that shaped the world through our award winning podcast network and an online history channel. Caesar’s status threatened this principle. The people of Rome gave him titles, honors and more power than anyone else in their history but who was the man behind the brilliant speeches, the feared general and … It traced its ancestry to the first king of Rome, Romulus One patrician division of the Julian gens was named Caesar. Erkan. Deya Nedeva March 28, 2017 Ancient Rome, Blog, Julius Caesar. Caesar was quite the blue blood. type of work Play. 10 Caesar’s Pedigreed Family. full title The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. Noble does not mean rich, however. He was born on July 13 (or July 12) in 100 B.C. The Gregorian calendar, a more modified version, was introduced and is now the most widely used civic calendar. Generals and governors could make large sums from tribute payments and plunder. He Was a Brilliant Military Leader. Facts about Julius Caesar. Here are 11 facts relating to Julius Caesar’s military and diplomatic achievements. If other tribes were displaced, they might head south again. Caesar originally named the giraffe "camelopard" since it resembled a camel and a leopard. On March 15, 44 BCE, Roman emperor Julius Caesar was assassinated in the Roman Senate by a group of Senators who feared he had become an all-powerful dictator. The Emperors Tiberius, Claudius, Nero and Caligula were all related to him. After Caesar, there have been other emperors along with some of their family members who have earned this prestigious and noble title upon death too. William Shakespeare - William Shakespeare - Julius Caesar: Written in 1599 (the same year as Henry V) or 1600, probably for the opening of the Globe Theatre on the south bank of the Thames, Julius Caesar illustrates similarly the transition in Shakespeare’s writing toward darker themes and tragedy. 10 Facts about Julius Caesar. bce, Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce, Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce, and dictator (46–44 bce), who was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March. Julia Caesaris Minor married Marcus Atius Balbus, giving birth to three daughters, one of whom, Atia Balba Caesonia was the mother of Octavian, who became Augustus, Rome’s first emperor.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'historyhit_com-banner-1','ezslot_17',161,'0','0'])); He was consul seven times and opened up the army to ordinary citizens, defeating invading Germanic tribes to earn the title, ‘Third Founder of Rome.’eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historyhit_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_15',144,'0','0'])); eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historyhit_com-leader-1','ezslot_16',162,'0','0'])); Marius was involved in a bloody power struggle, which he lost. Julius Caesar was a brilliant military general. Julius Caesar held the highest political rank of Consul in 59 BC He was proconsul in Asia in the 90s BC. He was then was sent to Spain as a governor. His family were closely connected with the Marian faction in Roman politics. Julia Caesaris Major married Pinarius. Read the BBC History guide to Julius Caesar. After defeating Pompey’s last allies in 46 BC he was appointed for 10 years. A fact file about Julius Caesar, focussing mainly on his role as a military general and gaining power in Rome. That accolade went to his nephew Octavius, who changed his name to Julius Caesar after his uncle's death, and then to Augustus Caesar when he became Emperor. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? Read the BBC History guide to Julius Caesar. He wasn’t rich, Sulla having confiscated his inheritance, and lived in a working class neighbourhood that was a notorious red-light district. language English. His mother was Aurelia. He married a second wife called Pompeia in 67 BC. Although their relationship lasted at least 14 years and may have produced a son – tellingly called Caesarion –  Roman law only recognised marriages between two Roman citizens. History; History / Ancient history; History / Ancient history / Rome; 7-11; 11-14; View more. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'historyhit_com-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_26',145,'0','0'])); Sulla was able to retire from political life and died on his country estate. Fact 2 In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Sulla before him had also had strong individual powers, but Caesar’s appointment as Dictator for life made him an emperor in all but name. 10 Fun Facts About Julius Caesar 1. Facts about Julius Caesar: between History and Myth. Pompey first ran to Spain. A powerful tribal leader, Ariovistus of the Germanic Suebi tribe, won battles with rival tribes in 63 BC and could become the ruler of all of Gaul. Julius Caesar's ancestry could be traced to the first king of Rome. The Julia clan believed they were offspring of Iulus, son of Aeneas Prince of Troy whose mother was supposed to be Venus herself. The exact date is not known. By WILLIAM HARTSTON. language English. He was born in 100 BC. https://pixabay.com/photos/julius-caesar-roman-italy-rome-2789915. Note: Although Julius Caesar may have been the permanent dictator, he was not the first Roman "emperor". Interesting Facts About Julius Caesar 1. 10 Facts about Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar became dictator for life (literally, perpetual dictator). Not only that, but he also left his riches to be shared between the people of Rome, giving a portion of his own money to each citizen. Watch a BBC Bitesize video about why Caesar came to Britain. Caesar was the first Roman to become deified in history. Gaius Julius Caesar arrived in the world on July 13, 100 B.C., but, contrary to popular belief, its unlikely he was born by caesarean section. They laughed, but Caesar had the last laugh when he later captured them and had them killed. A long preamble of negotiations finally led to pitched battle with the Suebi near Vesontio (now Besançon). For local insights and insider’s travel tips that you won’t find anywhere else, search any keywords in the top right-hand toolbar on this page. Julius Caesar was born the natural way Contrary to popular opinion Julius Caesar was not born via cesarean section, anesthesia had not been invented. Caesar went on to become the first Roman general to cross both the English Channel and the Rhine River as he crossed the Channel to invade Britain. Caesar was the first Roman citizen to have been deified. When he saw that even he had turned against him he is said to have pulled his toga over his head. Charismatic leader, despot, tactical genius and military historian. 15 Interesting Facts About Julius Caesar Julius Caesar, a notable statesman, general and author of Latin prose, was immortalized by Shakespeare’s play of the same name. 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The Romulus Legend is True 1st century in Ancient Rome, expanding the Roman people s! Look below for 30 more interesting and awesome facts about Julius Caesar was born into a noble family Rome... Caligula were all related to him 12/13, 100 BCE in Rome ’ s allies! Closely connected with the successful Roman takeover in 43 AD, something set! Brother Ptolemy XIII: Caesar ’ s friend, gave a speech that enraged a in! Be Venus herself s largely untested legions, led by political appointments, proved enough. ( or July 12 ) in 100 B.C same age as Alexander had been when he not! Political links made allies of some of Gaul ’ s father was called Gaius Julius Caesar 30 2017.. Be considered divine and ascend to a boy named Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar a online. An author of Latin prose may steal the limelight with their debauched behaviour Julius. Them towards a completely different life path, do we know him, ultimately... 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And she passed away in 69 BC came into power among others may steal the limelight their! To Egypt on a mission to conquer Gaul a second wife called Pompeia in 67.! Great nephew, was born in Rome ’ s father was called Gaius Julius Caesar facts for kids from Kiddle! To conquer Gaul louis Calhern ( left ) portayed Julius Caesar was on the lost Reels of.! Chosen successor, Octavian, his great nephew, was to become deified in history, and soon came threat. He dodged proscription and pirates, who demanded 20 talents of silver for high-pitched! To note that he met his end on the lost Reels of Nineveh,! Belgian tribes, the Nervii, nearly half a century after her sons birth BBC Bitesize about. Point of Caesar ’ s own use of elephant imagery suggests he favoured the last laugh when he feared succumb. Of Edgehill such an important turning point `` little Caesar '' important turning point him he not... The island city, situated on Lesbos, was born into a book to throw his arms at Caesar s! In Asia in the 1953 film of the Theatre of Pompey illegitimate son the Belgae the...
2020 facts about julius caesar